The geographical location of Hanoi and its overview

Hanoi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and is the leading political, cultural and technical center of the country.

Hanoi belongs to the northern part of Vietnam, owning long history, great cuisine, and plenty of attractions to visit.

hoan kiem lake hanoi
Hoan Kiem lake is a beautiful like in Hanoi, Vietnam.| ©vietnguyenbui/pixabay

In this article, let’s study the geographical location of Hanoi and the overview of the Vietnamese capital with Vietnamdrive!

The geographical location of Hanoi and the overview of the Vietnamese capital

1. Geographic coordinates

Hanoi is located at 21,0278 ° north latitude and 105,8342 ° east longitude. Hanoi is adjacent to the provinces of Thai Nguyen and Vinh Phuc in the north; Ha Nam and Hoa Binh in the south; Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Hung Yen in the east and Hoa Binh and Phu Tho in the west.

2. Natural area and population

Hanoi capital covers an area of ​​over 3,324 km² and is in the top 17 capitals with the largest area in the world.

Hanoi is on the right bank of the Da River and both sides of the Red River, of which the delta accounts for three-quarters of the city. Therefore, Hanoi has a favorable position and terrain to become a political, economic, cultural, and scientific center as well as an important transport hub of Vietnam.

Hanoi’s population by the end of 2019 is around 8,054,000 people. In which, the male is 3,990,000 people, the female is 4,064,000 people. The population living in urban areas is 3,965,000 people, and the rest is rural. Hanoi is the second-most populous city in the country, after Ho Chi Minh City.

In terms of population structure, people in Hanoi are mainly Kinh people, other ethnic groups such as Dao, Muong, Tay … account for a very small proportion.

3. Districts in Hanoi

– 12 city districts: Hoan Kiem, Dong Da, Ba Dinh, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Hoang Mai, Cau Giay, Thanh Xuan, Ha Dong, Long Bien, North Tu Liem, and South Tu Liem.

The central districts of Hanoi are Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, and Hai Ba Trung. Specifically, the Hoan Kiem district has a beautiful old quarter, which attracts a lot of tourists who come to spend rich cultural life there.

– 1 Town: Son Tay

– 17 outside districts: Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Dong Anh, Gia Lam, Hoai Duc, Me Linh, My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Soc Son, Thach That, Thanh Oai, Thanh Tri, Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa.

hanoi map
Hanoi Map | Source: internet

4. Climate and weather

The climate of Hanoi has the typical type of Northern weather with the characteristics of a tropical monsoon, which is humid, hot and rainy in summer, and cold and less rainy in winter.

It is because Hanoi is in the tropics, so the city receives a lot of solar radiation year-round and has a high temperature. The average annual sunshine volume of Hanoi is about 120kcal/cm2 and the average annual air temperature is 23.60C.

Due to the influence of the sea temperature, Hanoi has quite a lot of humidity and rainfall. The average humidity is from 80 – 82%, and the average annual rainfall is over 1,700mm/year (about 114 rainy days per year).

> You may want to read why autumn is the best time to visit Hanoi.

5. Hydrology

The geographical feature of Hanoi is river land or a city in the river. Currently, there are 7 large and small rivers, flowing through Hanoi, including Red River, Da River, Duong River, Nhue River, Cau River, Day River, and Ca Lo River.

Besides, in the inner city, there are 2 smaller rivers of To Lich and Kim Nguu and plenty of lakes, which are the drainage roads of Hanoi.

Although nowadays many lakes in Hanoi have been leveled for construction, there are still hundreds of lakes that distribute stretching around the city.

The most famous lakes are West Lake, Truc Bach Lake, Hoan Kiem Lake, Thien Quang Lake, Bay Mau Lake, Linh Dam Lake…

The lakes in Hanoi not only give the city a cool climate but also beautiful landscapes, creating the unique beauty of the capital.

6. Traffic

From the capital Hanoi, you can go all over the country because the transportation system is extremely convenient.

hanoi train
A train runs through Hanoi. ©khoinguyenfoto/pixabay
  • The air route has Noi Bai international airport, Gia Lam airport (now a service helipad).
  • Road: There are passenger cars from various stations of the southern bus station, Gia Lam, My Dinh, Luong Yen, and Nuoc Ngam. They travel to different provinces according to National Highway 1A, National Highway 2, National Highway 3 Highway 5, Highway 6.
  • Railway: Hanoi is the traffic hub of 5 domestic railway lines. There are also intermodal railways to Beijing (China) and many European countries.
  • Waterway: Hanoi is an important traffic hub with Pha Den wharf to Hung Yen, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh; Ham Tu Quan wharf to Pha Lai.

Hopefully, with the information about the geographical location of Hanoi and its overview, you will have more knowledge of the Vietnamese capital for your holidays or business there.

About the author

The editorial staff of Vietnamdrive is a team of travel experts managed by Mr. Thom who has worked in tourism for 14 years. Trusted by thousands of tourists from all over the world.